Canadian diamonds are prized for their traceability due to a serial number inscribed on or in the stone which guarantees the provenance, the place and the date of extraction. This guarantee has a definite impact on the value of the stone.
Canada's diamond history began in 1998 with the opening of the Ekati mine near Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, followed by the 2003 Diavik mine in the same area. Ontario's Snap Lake and Victor mines in 2008 were created by De Beers. The latter is renowned for producing large diamonds and quality. Recently opened in Quebec, the Renard mine has significant potential.
The Kimberley Process - Clean Diamonds
The Kimberley Process is a treaty that concerns mine operators, buyers of rough diamonds and stone carvers not to trade in the global market, the purchase of diamonds sold by rebel movements to finance their military activities.
Created in 2003 in South Africa, in Kimberley by Canada, the United States and the countries of the European Union, following the conflicts in Sierra Leone, Angola and Liberia. Since 2007 the process has represented 81 countries and has become a standard in the industry.
Canadian diamond mines